With the world holding its breath about the where abouts of ousted Libyan Dictator Muammar Gaddafi, Once again we find ourselves glued at our television screens and newspapers for news on the latest developments in the Arab world. This over the past nine months is safe to say has become common place all over the world.
People are looking at the revolt in some sort of fascinated bubble as if the Arab world could not do it, the praise is now being directed at social media when in fact acts of this nature have in the past happened long before Mark Zuckerberg was even born to revolutionise social media with Facebook.
Let us take a step back and talk about the 1936-1939 Arab revolt in Palestine. The Nationalist uprising by Palestinians Arabs in Mandate Palestine (The British Mandate of Palestine was a legal commission for the administration of region). The uprising was in opposition British colonial rule and mass Jewish immigration. Directed primarily by the Urban and the Higher Arab Committee (HAC) the first phase of the revolt was more like how we see the beginning of today’s revolts in the Middle East. It had strike actions and political protests and was easily defeated by the British Civil administration. Led by the peasant resistance as things got more violent, the rebellion was brutally supressed by the British Army and Palestine Police Force bloodshed was the order of the day.
Almost have a century later the 1979 Iranian Revolution overthrew Iran’s monarchy under Shah Mohammond Reza Pahlav,i and replaced it with an Islamic republic under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
The 1979 Iranian revolution however was not your typical revolt. It did not have what many would call the basics for a revolution to occur at the time. The Iranians were not defeated in war, the country was not in any financial crises, and there was no peasant rebellion. Due to mass strikes and demonstrations the country was paralyzed and the Shah eventually left the country to go leave in exile. The guerrilla’s and rebels over whelmed troops loyal to the Shah in armed street fighting and the royal regime collapsed shortly after wards.
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Written by Charity Shezi